世界遺産白川郷合掌造り集落 World Heritage Shirakawago Gassho Frame Housing Community
- World Heritages Walk around (Old cities)
- Around Shirakawa-go and Gokayama
- Travelko Rating
- ClosedDepending on Facilities
Maps are rarely carried out with accessing from mainland China.
- Around Shirakawa-go and Gokayama
- Ogimachi, Shirakawa-mura Ono-gun, Gifu, 501-5600, Japan
- World Heritages
- Walk around (Old cities)
- Opening Hours
- Depending on Facilities
- Depending on Facilities
A unique village
Tourist Center Address：Hagi-machi 2495-3, Shirakawa-mura, Ono-gun, Gifu pref.
Japan Category：Japanese traditional houses
Opening Hours ： 9:00-17:00
Website ： http://shirakawa-go.gr.jp/
Tel. ： +81-5769-6-1013
The historic villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama are one of Japan's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Shirakawa-go area, located along Sho-Gawa river valley in the Hida mountains, is best known for its folk houses with steeply slanted thatched roofs. This architecture style, Gassho-zukuri ('prayer-hands style'), is called so because the shape of the roofs looks like the hands of Buddhist monks praying. There are 110 houses standing there, this region is the largest concentration of Gassho-zukuri houses in Japan.
This is a heavy snow area and Gassho-zukuri roofs avoid the accumulation of snow. The Gassho-zukuri roofs, built without nails, provide a large attic space for silkworm cultivation. Some large houses have three or four stories and were built in the 18th century. One of the largest is the Wada house, please see more detail in the Wada house article.
2. Entrance fee
Enter the village : free of charge
Enter individual houses : around 300 yen
If you want to go Shirakawa-go, I recommend you to take a bus from Takayama station, Nagoya station or Kanazawa station. You can reach these stations easily by JR trains. Or you can drive the Tokai-hokuriku highway and get off at Shirakawa-go interchange.
4. My recommendations
I hope that going to Shirakawa-go will make you feel the Japanese traditions. I also recommend visiting Takayama at the same time, this city is often called Small Kyoto, because the streets are lined with neat rows of stores, shops and houses.
5. Best season
Spring and Autumn is especially beautiful with cherry blossoms and colorful leaves.
Winter is also beautiful but there may be some difficulties because of heavy snow.
I am very interested in the impression of German architect Bruno Taut (1880 – 1938), urban planner and author active during the Weimar period. He came to Japan in 1933 and he was the first to write extensively about the architectural features of Katsura Imperial Villa in Kyoto, also he praised gassho-zukuri houses uniqueness of rational and logical structure. This is a very rare place to find the real Japanese traditional architecture and lifestyle.
A place that will never forget
Every year, more than 1.4 million people visit this site especially since the village was designated a World Heritage Site in 1995. Similar wooden houses can be found in other places, but the houses in this village are the best preserved and they really are worth seeing. They are called "Gassho-zukuri houses" and have a steep thatched roof that resembles two hands clasped in prayer. The roofs are steep in order to withstand the heavy snow. There are more than 100 houses that were built hundreds of years ago in Shirakawa-go, and people still live in more than half of those houses.
Surrounded by fresh water, you can hear the music of the brook, birds singing, and the sound of the wind moving through the forest. Many people get struck by a sense of nostalgia. The colorful flowers, plants, autumn leaves and the crisp white snow will wake your inner photographic sense and will want to take beautiful photos. The impressive "Gassho-zukuri houses" and the rich nature are an unforgettable sight.
Though the village is in a remote area deep in the mountains, many tourist buses stop by. It’s recommended to visit Shirakawa-go on weekdays, since on weekends and during the light-up events in the snowy season, it will be very crowded.
Shirakawa-go is a small village, but in order to experience the full beauty of the village and enjoy a delicious lunch, be sure to stay at least 3 hours. Get in some hot springs in the village or Hirase Hot Spring (the neighbor village), and fully enjoy your stay.
*You can get a map in English/Spanish/German/French/Chinese/Korean/Thai at the main information center soon from the bus stop.
A nostalgic and lovely sightseeing spot
"Gassho" originally means joining hands in prayer in Japanese. The roof of Gassho style house is very steep like joining hands in prayer. That’s how the name of these houses was born. And, the big steep roofs were born to prevent piled up snow and facilitate the work of clearing snow from the roof.
The steep roof is a thatched roof with Japanese silver grass. A thatched roof is thought to have been made in the Jomon period (14,000 – 300 BC) although we do not know for sure when the first thatched roof was made. And, the thatched roof itself is not specific to Japan. In Europe, there used to be a lot of thatched roof houses.
Shirakawa-go is surrounded by high mountains in the Chubu region of central Japan. And, it used to be an unexplored region for a long period. So, many Gassho style houses remained untouched. In 1976, Shirakawa-go was registered as an important preservation district of historic buildings in Japan. In 1995, it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Although Gassho style houses and their specific landscape is still present, there are many souvenir shops, hotels, restaurants and cafes now. And, there is an information center and coin lockers too.
Some Gassho style houses are used as museums. For example, there are Wadake, Nagaseke, Kandake and Myozenji museu; all are the name of the houses. If you pay an admission fee, you can see the inside and some exhibitions.
And also, there is an open air museum, Gassho Zukuri Minka-en. If you want to know about Shirakawa-go more, please check it out.
- * The information above is from the date of the review. Please be aware that some of the content may vary from the most recent information.
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