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鶴岡八幡宮 Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine

  • Buildings (Temples / Shrines / Cathedrals)
  • Around Kamakura
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  • ClosedOpen Every Day

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District
Around Kamakura
Address
2-1-31 Yukinoshita, Kamakura-shi, Kanagawa 248-8588, Japan
Category
  • Buildings (Temples / Shrines / Cathedrals)
Opening Hours
[January] 24hours, [April-September] 5:00-20:30, [October-March] 6:00-20:30
Closed
Open Every Day
Website
http://www.tsurugaoka-hachimangu.jp/
Tel.
+81-467-22-0315
Date of post:2015/06/16

The biggest and the most admirable Shrine in Kamakura

  • Temple / Shrine

Among the many Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples there are in Kamakura, Tsurugaoka Hachimangu is located in the center of the city and is the biggest shrine in the area.

Kamakura used to be the military capital of Japan started by the Shogun, Minamoto-no Yoritomo in the late 12th century. Other than the sea in the south, Kamakura is surrounded by mountains, so the city was covered by natural fortresses. This shrine was constructed by Yoritomo wishing for the prosperity of the military government.

After a pleasant walk on the main approach path called Dankazura in the middle of the road, you will see a big torii (entrance gate of the shrine). The main hall is located on top of the 61 stone steps. From the top, you can look downat the panoramic view of Kamakura.

The shrine has a large precinct with many sub-shrines, halls and beautiful gardens. In one of the sub-shrines called Shirahata Shrine, the first Shogun Yoritomo is enshrined.

If you come during the weekend, you may have a chance to witness a traditional wedding ceremony in the Maiden (ceremonial dance hall) with old court music and dance.

In the Fall, there is a festival during which you can see an archery performance shot from horses.

Date of post:2015/06/15

The center of Japan’s government in the 12th century

  • Temple / Shrine

Kamakura, once a seat of Japan’s government in the 12th and the 13th century, Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine is a must-see sightseeing spot in Kamarkura.

There were two powerful families at that time, Genji (Minamoto family) in Eastern Japan, and Heike (Taira family) in Western Japan, who fought each other to get more power to reign over the country; then the Minamoto family suppressed and defeated the Taira family.
Later, Minamoto Yoritomo became the first shogun of the Kamakura feudal government, and he made Kamakura the center of his seat. The reason why he chose Kamakura is that it is surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the other side is the sea, which made it difficult for the enemy to attack. Minamoto Yoritomo built the shrine as his tutelary God, and his follower samurai warriors started to worship the shrine, which led Kamakura to be thrived.

A notable characteristic of the period is that it was the first government which was governed by the samurais, unlike the other periods; so some of the buildings of this period have the feelings of a strong and simple atmosphere representing Bushido, the way of the samurai.

One of the attractions of the shrine is the Genpei pond. This pond is divided by a bridge, and looking at the pond with your back to the torii gate, the pond on the left signifies the Taira family and the one on the right signifies the Minamoto family. The banner of the Taira family was red and the Minamoto family was white during the battle; each color's lotus flowers were planted before. Also, Minamoto Yoritomo made four islands in the Taira pond, and three islands in the Minamoto pond. The number “4” is pronounced “Shi”, which is the same sound as “death” in Japanese. On the other hand, the number “3” is pronounced “San”, which mean “born” or “come into the world”. So Minamoto Yoritomo made an epitome of the situation of the era in the pond, wishing for the prosperity on his side and cursing of his enemy by making those ponds with a secret significance.

Another thing you may be interested in is a small ginkgo tree beside the long staircase to the main hall. There was a huge ginkgo tree which was said to be about 1000 years old, but on a strong windy day with snow in 2011, it fell down. Later, the part that fell down was transplanted again just a few meters away, and the original tree has grown again with new branches and green leaves. Ginkgo trees are traditionally a symbol of vitality and vigor, so people respect and care for the trees.

The main hall above the staircase is designated as a nationally important cultural property. This shrine is listed as the fifth most popular place with 2.5 million visitors for “Hatsumode”, or the first visit of shrines or temples during the first three days of the New Year.

  • * The information above is from the date of the review. Please be aware that some of the content may vary from the most recent information.
Other Sightseeing Spots of Yokohama, Hakone, Kamakura (Kanagawa)

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